Fred Sanger on Reaction to the 2003 Announcement of the Completion of the Human Genome Sequence
  Fred Sanger     Biography    
Recorded: 16 Jun 2005

You know, I was wondering if they really had finished it for one thing. I mean it had been coming along slowly. There was no sudden thing. So people talking about it. But I was very surprised that it went so fast. I mean, it was mainly a question of organization more than— Yes, international organization. I mean, the technology was there, you see. I mean we could have probably have done it, but it would have taken two hundred years or something. So it needed a lot of people and a lot of work.

Frederick Sanger, OM, CH, CBE, FRS (born 13 August 1918) is an English biochemist and twice a Nobel laureate in chemistry. In 1958 he was awarded a Nobel prize in chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin". In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids". The other half was awarded to Paul Berg "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA".

He is the fourth (and only living) person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes, either wholly or in part.