Fred Sanger on Influential Colleagues
  Fred Sanger     Biography    
Recorded: 16 Jun 2005

Hartley, he was not the one. No, there were many others. I mean, the person who helped me most was John Smith who was actually working on RNA. He helped me with with learning about the nucleic acids.

Well, mainly my own colleagues who worked with me. Hans Stupe was the first one who was a great help. Ted Thompson who worked with me on the final insulin and actually finished the insulin, he was a very helpful person. Then there was Brian Hartley and Jan Harris were very helpful with the protein work, the final protein, and they carried on the protein work more—I mean, those were the people one talked to and discussed and planned experiments.

Sydney Brenner was helpful too, of course. We did some experiments together. One time Sydney and I didn’t work, but had a lot of fun.

Frederick Sanger, OM, CH, CBE, FRS (born 13 August 1918) is an English biochemist and twice a Nobel laureate in chemistry. In 1958 he was awarded a Nobel prize in chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin". In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize "for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids". The other half was awarded to Paul Berg "for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA".

He is the fourth (and only living) person to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes, either wholly or in part.